What Is Skin Lightening
If you are suffering from hyper-pigmentation or dark patches for prolonged period of time, then this is the time to consider an efficient treatment option for such skin issues. Experimenting with cosmetic products, without properly knowing their pros and cons, can even worsen your skin condition. In such a situation, it becomes very much essential for one to go for cosmetic treatment that guarantees effective outcome without causing any harm to your skin. Well, Skin lightening (also known as ‘skin whitening’) is a cosmetic procedure that can effectively reduce various pigmentation problems, thereby lightening your skin color.
Such cosmetic treatments can be quite helpful for alleviating sun tan, scars or any other dark spots on your skin. Creams and ointments used for treating skin pigmentation, consist of various chemical agents like hydroquinone, azelaic acid etc. Apart from this, there are many lotions that may contain certain herbal extracts, which basically work as bleaching agent for your skin.
Causes of Pigmentation
The skin is made up of two layers, viz. the epidermis (the upper layer) and dermis (the lower one). These two layers are further divided into sub layers. Basal, the lowest layer of the epidermis contain a special type of organelles, known as melanosomes. The melanosomes contained within certain type of cells called melanocytes, which are mainly responsible for the product of the melanin component. The skin color of a person depends on his/her melanin count.
Factors such as prolonged exposure to sun, stress, skin injury along with other hormonal changes may increase or decrease the normal count of melanin in your body, thereby resulting into pigmentation. Again pigmentation can be classified into two broad categories, viz. hyper-pigmentation and hypo-pigmentation.
Hypo pigmentation is a skin condition, where the person develops white patches on the skin. On the other hand, hyper-pigmentation, also known as melasma, deals with an increased production of melanin, resulting into dark brown pigmentation.
More about Skin Ligthening
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